15 Tips About what is marijuana From Industry Experts

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15 Tips About what is marijuana From Industry Experts

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what is marijuana

What is marijuana marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the marijuana or Indian hemp plant? The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC and other similar compounds. Extracts also can be made up of the cannabis plant (see “Marijuana Extracts”).

what is marijuana

what is marijuana

What is marijuana Marijuana is that the most ordinarily used psychotropic drug within us, after alcohol.1 Its use is widespread among children. In 2018, quite 11.8 million young adults used marijuana within the past year.1 consistent with the Monitoring the longer term survey, rates of past-year marijuana use among middle and high school students have remained steady, but the amount of teens in 8th and 10th grades who say they use it daily has increased. With the growing popularity of vaping devices, teens have started vaping THC (the ingredient in marijuana that produces the high), with nearly 4% of 12th graders saying they vape THC daily. additionally , the amount of children who believe regular marijuana use is risky is decreasing.2

Legalization of marijuana for medical use or adult recreational use during a growing number of states may affect these views. Read more about marijuana as medicine in our DrugFacts: Marijuana as Medicine.
Photo of dried marijuana and joints.
Photo by ©Shutterstock/Stephen Orsillo
How do people use marijuana?

what is marijuana

People smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints) or in pipes or water pipes (bongs). They also smoke it in blunts—emptied cigars that are partly or completely refilled with marijuana. To avoid inhaling smoke, some people are using vaporizers. These devices pull the active ingredients (including THC) from the marijuana and collect their vapor during a storage unit. an individual then inhales the vapor, not the smoke. Some vaporizers use a liquid marijuana extract.

People can mix marijuana in food (edibles), like brownies, cookies, or candy, or brew it as a tea. A newly popular method of use is smoking or eating different sorts of THC-rich resins (see “Marijuana Extracts”).
Marijuana Extracts
Smoking THC-rich resins extracted from the marijuana plant is on the increase . People call this practice dabbing. These extracts are available various forms, such as:

hash oil or honey oil—a gooey liquid
wax or budder—a soft solid with a texture like ointment
shatter—a hard, amber-colored solid

These extracts can deliver extremely large amounts of THC to the body, and their use has sent some people to the ER . Another danger is in preparing these extracts, which usually involves butane (lighter fluid). variety of individuals have caused fires and explosions and are seriously burned from using butane to form extracts reception .3,4
How does marijuana affect the brain?

Marijuana has both short-and long-term effects on the brain.
Image of a cross section of the brain with marked areas that are suffering from THC.
Image by NIDA THC acts on numerous areas within the brain (in yellow).
Short-Term Effects

When an individual smokes marijuana, THC quickly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream. The blood carries the chemical to the brain and other organs throughout the body. The body absorbs THC more slowly when the person eats or drinks it. therein case, they typically feel the consequences after half-hour to 1 hour.

THC acts on specific nerve cell receptors that ordinarily react to natural THC-like chemicals. These natural chemicals play a task in normal brain development and performance .

Marijuana over activates parts of the brain that contain the very best number of those receptors. This causes the “high” that folks feel. Other effects include:

altered senses (for example, seeing brighter colors)
altered sense of your time
changes in mood
impaired body movement
difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
impaired memory
hallucinations (when taken in high doses)
delusions (when taken in high doses)
psychosis (risk is highest with regular use of high potency marijuana)

Long-Term Effects

Marijuana also affects brain development. When people begin using marijuana as teenagers, the drug may impair thinking, memory, and learning functions and affect how the brain builds connections between the areas necessary for these functions. Researchers are still studying how long marijuana’s effects last and whether some changes could also be permanent.

For example, a study from New Zealand conducted partially by researchers at Duke University showed that folks who started smoking marijuana heavily in their teens and had an ongoing marijuana use disorder lost a mean of 8 IQ points between ages 13 and 38. The lost mental abilities didn’t fully return in those that quit marijuana as adults. those that started smoking marijuana as adults didn’t show notable IQ declines.5

In another recent study on twins, those that used marijuana showed a big decline generally knowledge and in verbal ability (equivalent to 4 IQ points) between the preteen years and early adulthood, but no predictable difference was found between twins when one used marijuana and therefore the other didn’t. this means that the IQ decline in marijuana users could also be caused by something aside from marijuana, like shared familial factors (e.g., genetics, family environment).6 NIDA’s Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, a serious longitudinal study, is tracking an outsized sample of young Americans from late childhood to early adulthood to assist clarify how and to what extent marijuana and other substances, alone and together , affect adolescent brain development. Read more about the ABCD study on our Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD Study) webpage.
A Rise in Marijuana’s THC Levels

The amount of THC in marijuana has been increasing steadily over the past few decades.7 For an individual who’s new marijuana use, this might mean exposure to higher THC levels with a greater chance of a harmful reaction. Higher THC levels may explain the increase in ER visits involving marijuana use.

The popularity of edibles also increases the prospect of harmful reactions. Edibles take longer to digest and produce a high. Therefore, people may consume more to feel the consequences faster, resulting in dangerous results.

Higher THC levels can also mean a greater risk for addiction if people are regularly exposing themselves to high doses.
What are the opposite health effects of marijuana?

Marijuana use may have a good range of effects, both physical and mental.
Physical Effects

Breathing problems. Marijuana smoke irritates the lungs, and other people who smoke marijuana frequently can have an equivalent breathing problems as those that smoke tobacco. These problems include daily cough and phlegm, more frequent lung illness, and a better risk of lung infections. Researchers thus far haven’t found a better risk for carcinoma in people that smoke marijuana.8
Increased pulse . Marijuana raises pulse for up to three hours after smoking. This effect may increase the prospect of attack . Older people and people with heart problems could also be at higher risk.
Problems big development during and after pregnancy. One study found that about 20% of pregnant women 24-years-old and younger screened positive for marijuana. However, this study also found that ladies were about twice as likely to screen positive for marijuana use via a drug test than they state in self-reported measures.9 this means that self-reported rates of marijuana use in pregnant females isn’t an accurate measure of marijuana use and should be underreporting their use. Additionally, in one study of dispensaries, nonmedical personnel at marijuana dispensaries were recommending marijuana to pregnant women for nausea, but doctors warn against it. This concerns doctors because marijuana use during pregnancy is linked to lower birth weight10 and increased risk of both brain and behavioral problems in babies. If a pregnant woman uses marijuana, the drug may affect certain developing parts of the fetus’s brain. Children exposed to marijuana within the womb have an increased risk of problems attentively ,11 memory, and problem-solving compared to unexposed children.12 Some research also suggests that moderate amounts of THC are excreted into the breast milk of nursing mothers.13 With regular use, THC can reach amounts in breast milk that would affect the baby’s developing brain. Other recent research suggests an increased risk of preterm births.27 More research is required . Read our Marijuana Research Report for more information about marijuana and pregnancy.
Intense nausea and vomiting. Regular, long-term marijuana use can cause some people to develop Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome. This causes users to experience regular cycles of severe nausea, vomiting, and dehydration, sometimes requiring emergency medical attention.14

Reports of Deaths associated with Vaping

what is marijuana

The Food and Drug Administration has alerted the general public to many reports of great lung illnesses related to vaping, including several deaths. they’re working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to research the explanation for these illnesses. Many of the suspect products tested by the states or federal health officials are identified as vaping products containing THC, the most psychotropic ingredient in marijuana. a number of the patients reported a mix of THC and nicotine; and a few reported vaping nicotine alone. nobody substance has been identified altogether of the samples tested, and it’s unclear if the illnesses are associated with one single compound. Until more details are known, FDA officials have warned people to not use any vaping products bought on the road , and that they warn against modifying any products purchased in stores. they’re also asking people and health professionals to report any adverse effects. The CDC has posted an information page for consumers.

Mental Effects

Long-term marijuana use has been linked to mental disease in some people, such as:

temporary hallucinations
temporary paranoia
worsening symptoms in patients with schizophrenia—a severe mental disturbance with symptoms like hallucinations, paranoia, and disorganized thinking

Marijuana use has also been linked to other psychological state problems, like depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts among teens. However, study findings are mixed.
Are there effects of inhaling secondhand marijuana smoke?
Failing a Drug Test?

While it’s possible to fail a drug test after inhaling secondhand marijuana smoke, it’s unlikely. Studies show that little or no THC is released within the air when an individual exhales. Research findings suggest that, unless people are in an indoor room, inhaling many smoke for hours at close range, they are not likely to fail a drug test.15,16 albeit some THC was found within the blood, it wouldn’t be enough to fail a test.
Getting High from Passive Exposure?

Similarly, it’s unlikely that secondhand marijuana smoke would give nonsmoking people during a confined space a high from passive exposure. Studies have shown that folks who don’t use marijuana report only mild effects of the drug from a close-by smoker, under extreme conditions (breathing in many marijuana smoke for hours in an indoor room).17
Other Health Effects?

More research is required to understand if secondhand marijuana smoke has similar health risks as secondhand tobacco smoke. A recent study on rats suggests that secondhand marijuana smoke can do the maximum amount damage to the guts and blood vessels as secondhand tobacco smoke.20But researchers haven’t fully explored the effect of secondhand marijuana smoke on humans. What they are doing know is that the toxins and tar found in marijuana smoke could affect vulnerable people, like children or people with asthma.
How Does Marijuana Affect an individual’s Life?

Compared to those that don’t use marijuana, those that frequently use large amounts report the following:

People also report less academic and career success. for instance, marijuana use is linked to a better likelihood of throwing in the towel of faculty .18 it is also linked to more job absences, accidents, and injuries.19
Is marijuana a gateway drug?

what is marijuana

Cannabis, also referred to as marijuana among other names,[a] may be a mind-altering drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical or recreational purposes.[18][19][20] the most psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is one among the 483 known compounds within the plant,[21] including a minimum of 65 other cannabinoids.[22] Cannabis is often employed by smoking, vaporizing, within the food, or as an extract.[23]

Cannabis has mental and physical effects. It causes a “high”, or stoned feeling and other effects, including a general change in thought and perception, difficulty concentrating, impaired STM , altered sense of your time , impaired body movement,[23] relaxation,[24] and a rise in appetite, otherwise referred to as “munchies”.[25] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to the hour when cooked and eaten.[23][26] the consequences last for 2 to 6 hours, counting on the quantity used.[26] At high doses, mental effects sometimes include psychosis, delusions, hallucinations,[23] paranoia, and concepts of reference, sometimes with anxiety and panic.[27] Its physical effects include increased pulse, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy.[23] Short-term side effects may include xerostomia , red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.[28][29] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased capacity in those that started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections.[30] there’s a robust relation between cannabis use and therefore the risk of psychosis,[31][32] though the cause and effect are debated.[33]

Cannabis is usually used recreationally or as a medicine, although it’s going to even be used for spiritual purposes. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2.7% to 4.9% of the worldwide population between the ages of 15 and 65).[34] it’s the foremost commonly used illegal drug both within the world and therefore us,[23][34] though it’s also legal in some jurisdictions. The countries with the very best use among adults as of 2018 are Zambia, us, Canada, and Nigeria.[35] In 2016, 51% of individuals within us had used cannabis in their lifetimes.[36] About 12% had used it within the past year, and 7.3% had used it within the past month.[37]

While cannabis plants are grown since a minimum of the 3rd millennium BCE,[38] evidence suggests that it had been being smoked for psychoactive effects a minimum of 2,500 years ago within the Pamir Mountains.[39] Since the first 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis are against the law in most countries of the planet.[40][41] In 2013, Uruguay became the primary country to legalize the recreational use of cannabis.[42] Other countries to try to so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, alongside 11 states and therefore the District of Columbia within us (though the drug remains federally illegal).[42][43] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized during a greater number of nations.[44]

what is marijuana

What is marijuana Cannabis, also referred to as marijuana among other names,[a] may be a mind-altering drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical or recreational purposes?[18][19][20] the most psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is one among the 483 known compounds within the plant,[21] including a minimum of 65 other cannabinoids.[22] Cannabis is often employed by smoking, vaporizing, within the food, or as an extract.[23]

Cannabis has mental and physical effects. It causes a “high” or stoned feeling and other effects, including a general change in thought and perception, difficulty concentrating, impaired STM, altered sense of your time, impaired body movement,[23] relaxation,[24] and a rise in appetite, otherwise referred to as “munchies&quot.[25] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to an hour when cooked and eaten.[23][26] the consequences last for 2 to 6 hours, counting on the quantity used.[26] At high doses, mental effects sometimes include psychosis, delusions, hallucinations,[23] paranoia, and concepts of reference, sometimes with anxiety and panic.[27] Its physical effects include increased pulse, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy.[23] Short-term side effects may include xerostomia, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.[28][29] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased capacity in those that started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections.[30] there’s a robust relation between cannabis use and therefore the risk of psychosis,[31][32] though the cause and effect are debated.[33]

Cannabis is usually used recreationally or as a medicine, although it’s going to even be used for spiritual purposes. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2.7% to 4.9% of the worldwide population between the ages of 15 and 65).[34] it’s the foremost commonly used illegal drug both within the world and therefore us,[23][34] though it’s also legal in some jurisdictions. The countries with the very best use among adults as of 2018 are Zambia, us, Canada, and Nigeria.[35] In 2016, 51% of individuals within us had used cannabis in their lifetimes.[36] About 12% had used it within the past year, and 7.3% had used it within the past month.[37]

While cannabis plants are grown since a minimum of the 3rd millennium BCE,[38] evidence suggests that it had been being smoked for psychoactive effects a minimum of 2,500 years ago within the Pamir Mountains.[39] Since the first 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis are against the law in most countries of the planet.[40][41] In 2013, Uruguay became the primary country to legalize the recreational use of cannabis.[42] Other countries to try to so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, alongside 11 states and therefore the District of Columbia within us (though the drug remains federally illegal).[42][43] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized during a greater number of nations.[44]

Rewritten Content:
Hashish, also called marijuana among other names,[a] can be a thoughts-changing drug from the cannabis plant used mostly for scientific or recreational functions.[18][19][20] the maximum psychoactive factor of hashish is tetrahydrocannabinol (thc), that is one a few of the 483 regarded compounds inside the plant,[21] together with not less than sixty-five other cannabinoids.[22] hashish are frequently hired with the aid of smoking, vaporizing, inside meals, or as an extract.[23]

Hashish has intellectual and bodily consequences. It causes a “high”, or stoned feeling and different results, which includes a standard change in idea and perception, issue concentrating, impaired STM, altered sense of a while, impaired frame motion,[23] relaxation,[24] and a rise in urge for food, in any other case referred to as “munchies”.[25] onset of outcomes is felt within mins whilst smoked, and about 30 to an hour while cooked and eaten.[23][26] the outcomes final for 2 to 6 hours, relying on the amount used.[26] at excessive doses, mental results sometimes consist of psychosis, delusions, hallucinations,[23] paranoia, and ideas of reference, now and again with tension and panic.[27] its bodily consequences encompass elevated pulse, difficulty respiration, nausea, and behavioral troubles in youngsters whose moms used hashish at some stage in being pregnant.[23] quick-term aspect effects may include xerostomia, pink eyes, and feelings of paranoia or tension.[28][29] lengthy-time period negative effects may additionally encompass dependency, reduced ability in those who began ordinary use as young people, continual coughing, and susceptibility to breathing infections.[30] there’s a strong relation between hashish use and therefore the threat of psychosis,[31][32] even though the reason and impact are debated.[33]

Hashish is normally used recreationally or as a remedy, although it’s going to also be used for religious functions. In 2013, among 128 and 232 million human beings used hashish (2.7% to four.Nine% of the worldwide populace between the while of 15 and sixty-five).[34] it’s the most commonly used illegal drug each within the globe and therefore us,[23][34] even though it is also criminal in a few jurisdictions. The international locations with very high-quality use among adults as of 2018 are Zambia, the united states, Canada, and Nigeria.[35] in 2016, 51% of people in we had used hashish in their lifetimes.[36] approximately 12% had used it inside the beyond 12 months, and seven.Three% had used it within the past month.[37]

Even as hashish flowers are grown on account that at the very least the third millennium BCE,[38] evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive consequences a minimum of 2,500 years in the past inside the Pamir mountains.[39] for the reason that the first twentieth century, hashish has been a challenge to legal regulations. The ownership, use, and cultivation of hashish are against the law in most countries of the planet.[40][41] in 2013, Uruguay became the primary USA. To legalize leisure use of hashish.[42] other nations to try to so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, along with facet 11 states and consequently the District of Columbia within us (even though the drug stays federally unlawful).[42][43] medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized throughout a greater range of countries.[44]

what is marijuana

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